News & Analysis
News & Analysis

Hawkish & Dovish Explained!

28 March 2019 By GO Markets


Hawkish and Dovish are two crucial words widely used in our industry whenever there are central bank speeches or talks about monetary policies.

But what does it mean?

Central banks are more transparent than ever and forex analysts or traders try to dissect the overall tone and language used when central bankers speak to see:

  • How the economy is flaring
  • How interest Rate will change or foresee
  • How the monetary policy will develop over time and affect the value of a country’s currency

A hawkish tone means that a central bank is seeing the economy growing too fast and is warning the markets of excessive inflation.

hawkish central banks

Therefore, to curb inflation and slow economic growth, central banks might increase interest rate which will be positive for the domestic currency.

A dovish tone is a complete opposite – The economy is not growing and the central bank is warning against deflation.

dovish central banks

In other words, there might be interest rate cuts to stimulate the economy which is negative for the domestic Currency.

Put simply, when there is a Hawkish tone, there are talks about tightening monetary policy which will probably lead to interest rate hikes.

hawkish and dovish monetary policy

On the other side, a dovish central bank will use easing or accommodative monetary policy which will result in interest rate cuts.

Recently, Major Central Banks of Key economies have turned dovish due to slowing global growth and this week the Reserve Bank of New Zealand joined the dovish chorus as well.

This article is written by a GO Markets Analyst and is based on their independent analysis. They remain fully responsible for the views expressed as well as any remaining error or omissions. Trading Forex and Derivatives carries a high level of risk .

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