News & Analysis

Optimising trading strategies by using multiple timeframe analysis

3 October 2022 By Adam Kahlberg


Many trading strategies utilise technical analysis to predict price patterns and for entries and exits. These strategies revolve often begin with the idea of the price having identifiable support, resistance and trendline market structures which indicate where various buying and selling points can be placed for a trade. These support and resistance indicate far more then just the price at a moment in time. Rather they reflect the psychology of the market at a given point in time.

However, when trading it is important to remember that the market is not just made of one type of trader. The market is made up of day traders, swing traders, scalpers, funds, hedge funds, retirement funds, Investment banks and all in between. Each of these participants has their own time frame for a trade/investment. This element is the key as to why trader can utilise multiple time frame analysis. The theory it that the more market participant who view the respective level as a support or resistance, the more likely it will act in that way.


For example

Assume that the price of stock A is sitting on a 5-minute support at $100. Looking purely at this 5-minute chart a trader may look to buy on this support level.

However, after looking at the 30-minute chart, the chart shows that the price is not actually a support but rather just a random price point and therefor no trade is entered.

Alternatively, the 30-price chart supports the original price as a support and therefore may support the price point being a support point.



How to implement multiple analysis into your trading.

  1. Determine your standard trading timeframe.

This step should be a relatively simple step if you have a clear edge. For some traders it can be 5 minutes, 15 minutes, 1 hour, one day or even one week.


  1. Work back usually by a factor a factor of 4/5 or by a logical time frame adjustment


Prior to your first drawing of support resistance and trendline it is important that you adjust the timeframe of your price chart by a factor of 4/5 or a by logical adjustment such as an hour – to a day or day to week.


5min – 30 min

1 hour – 4 hours

1 hour – day

1 day – 1 week

1 week – 1 month



  1. Add in Support and Resistance Lines on longer term time frames


The analysis can now start, and the key is to draw the most obvious and consistent support and resistance time frames. This step also serves an important step in helping determine if the price is trending or is ranging.


  1. Revert to trading time frame and redo the same process highlighting convergences


The next step is to revert to the desired trading time frame and conduct the same process. This time if there is a Support/resistance line that is already made and acts as one on the shorter timeframe, highlight it or tag it.


Looking at the example below for US car making company Tesla, the process is shown on the chart below. Firstly, with the weekly chart, support and resistance points were plotted with the black lines.




The below the daily chart shows that the support point at $265.25 acts as support for both timeframes. This indicates that price may act with more strength as a support zone. Similarly, if the level breaks it may indicate a more powerful move because more market participant will likely be involved.



In the other example for the EURUSD the same process has been done and shows that the price at 0.9600 is also doubling as a support on the daily and weekly charts.


The use of multiple time frame analysis can optimise trading systems by reducing risks of fake breakouts and improving entry and exit accuracy.




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